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GAR Membership

In 1866, Union veterans of the Civil War created a new organization called the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR).  Membership in the veterans' organization was restricted to individuals who had served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps or Revenue Cutter Service during the Civil War, thereby limiting the life span of the GAR.

In 1890, the GAR reached its largest membership with more than 490,000 members.  In 1949, the six surviving members permanently closed the GAR. During the active years of the GAR, it had great influence on the politics, laws and social activities of the United States. Memorial Day was established as a national holiday, five Presidents were elected who were GAR members, most of the governors in the northern states were members and veteran pensions were given to Union veterans. Over one fifth of the organization's national budget went toward veteran pensions at one point. The National Encampments were yearly meetings which had attendances of over 25,000 veterans in 1890, 1891 and 1892.

To our knowledge there is no comprehensive listing of all of the members of all of the posts.  Those members of the battery found on various post rolls are listed below along with personal information which can be gleaned from the records.

Fairbanks GAR Ribbon

Captain John Hughes was able to purchase a GAR post ribbon from the Fairbanks Post in Detroit. Several of our original Battery members were members of this post including Alfred Colesby, Mason S. Safford, Sanford Smith and Hiram M. Towne.  Maybe it belonged to one of them!

Allegan, Allegan County, Michigan
J. C. Bassett Post #56

CLARK, Volney
   Birthplace:  Ontario County, NY
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

COLLINS, Benoni
   Birthplace:  Ira, VT
   Occupation:  Laborer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

CURTISS, John S.
   Birthplace:  Michigan
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

ELDRED, Horace
   Birthplace:  Michigan
   Discharge Rank:  Private

FRAZER, Angus
   Birthplace:  Ontario, Canada
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

HOWE, Herbert
   Birthplace:  Vermont
   Occupation:  Laborer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

SIMONS, William see
   Lyman, William
   Birthplace:  England
   Occupation:  Harness maker
   Discharge Rank:  Private

SULLIVAN, James
   Birthplace:  Willsville, NY
   Occupation:  Restaurant
   Discharge Rank:  Corporal

TYLER, Earl B.
   Birthplace:  New York
   Occupation:  Bartender
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Blissfield, Lenawee County, Michigan
Scott Post #43

WILBER, Henry H.
   Occupation:  Mechanic
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Bloomingdale, Van Buren County, Michigan
Edwin Colwell Post #23

COOLEY, Harmon
   Birthplace:  Vermont
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

COOLEY, Luman
   Birthplace:  New York
   Occupation:  Laborer
   Discharge Rank:  Private
   Later member in Grand Rapids, Kent County, Michigan

WALKER, Absolom
   Birthplace:  Vermont
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Burr Oak, Saint Joseph County, Michigan
B. J. Bennett Post #71

HOGLE, Seymour H.
   Birthplace:  New York
   Occupation:  Merchant
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan
Fairbanks Post #17

COLESBY, Alfred
   Birthplace:  England
   Occupation:  Shoemaker
   Discharge Rank:  Private

SAFFORD, Mason S.
   Birthplace:  Michigan
   Occupation:  Laborer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

SMITH, Sanford
   Birthplace:  New York
   Occupation:  Jeweler
   Discharge Rank:  Private

TOWNE, Hiram M.
   Birthplace:  Massachusetts
   Occupation:  Commercial Traveler
   Discharge Rank:  First Lieutenant

Ganges, Allegan County, Michigan
Jacob G. Fry Post #46

FRAZER, Angus
   Birthplace:  Ontario
  Occupation:  Farmer
  Discharge Rank:  Private

Grand Rapids, Kent County, Michigan
John A. Logan Post #1

Liman Cooley = COOLEY, Luman
   Birthplace: New York
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Hart, Oceana County, Michigan
Joe Hooker Post #26

EVANS, Abraham
   Birthplace:  Ohio
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Hillsdale, Hillsdale County, Michigan
C. J. Dickerson Post #6

J.J. Ramsdall = RANDALL, Jerrod J.
   Birthplace: New York
   Occupation:  Hotel
   Discharge Rank: Sergeant

J. Ramalia (2 entries) = RAMALA, Jacob
   Birthplace: Trumble, NY
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

ZUPP, Henry H.
   Birthplace: Germany
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Jackson, Jackson County, Michigan
Edward Pomeroy Post #48

CALKINS, John J.
   Occupation:  Attorney
   Discharge Rank: Lieutenant

FRENCH, Cyrus V.
   Birthplace:  Massachusetts
   Occupation:  Engineer
   Discharge Rank: Artificer

FRENCH, Richmond W.
   Birthplace:  Michigan
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank: Private

Leslie, Ingham County, Michigan
Dewey Post #60

BRIGGS, Benjamin
   Birthplace:  Otsego, NY
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

HARDY, Henry T.
   Birthplace:  Connecticut
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

RAYMOND, George
   Birthplace:  New York
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Mason, Ingham County, Michigan
Phil McKernan Post #53

REYNOLDS, Henry O.
   Birthplace:  Cuyoga, Ohio
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

SEARL, Merrick
   Birthplace:  Massachusetts
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Midland, Midland County, Michigan
Dwight May Post #69

CARTER, Benjamin B.
   Birthplace:  New York
   Occupation:  Merchant
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Muskegon, Muskegon County, Michigan
Phil Kearney Post #7

MILLER, John
   Birthplace: Michigan
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Otsego, Allegan County, Michigan
W. G. Eaton Post #34

ELDRED, Horace
   Birthplace:  Ohio?
   Occupation:  Farmer
   Discharge Rank:  Private

Traverse City, Grand Traverse County, Michigan
McPherson Post #18

SINCLAIR, John P.
   Birthplace:  Ohio
   Occupation:  Laborer
   Discharge Rank:  Sergeant